Matthew Henry's Commentary
Proverbs
Proverbs Introduction:
The subject of this book may be thus stated by an enlargement on the opening verses. 1. The Proverbs of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel. 2. Which treat of the knowledge of wisdom, of piety towards God, of instruction and moral discipline, of the understanding wise and prudent counsels. 3. Which treat of the attainment of instruction in wisdom, which wisdom is to be shown in the conduct of life, and consists in righteousness with regard to our fellow-creatures. 4. Which treat of the giving to the simple sagacity to discover what is right, by supplying them with just principles, and correct views of virtue and vice; and to the young man knowledge, so that he need not err through ignorance; and discretion, so that by pondering well these precepts, he may not err through obstinacy. Take the proverbs of other nations, and we shall find great numbers founded upon selfishness, cunning, pride, injustice, national contempt, and animosities. The principles of the Proverbs of Solomon are piety, charity, justice, benevolence, and true prudence. Their universal purity proves that they are the word of God.

Chapter 1 Introduction:
The use of the Proverbs. (1-6) Exhortations to fear God and obey parents. (7-9) To avoid the enticings of sinners. (10-19) The address of Wisdom to sinners. (20-33)

Chapter 2 Introduction:
Promises to those who seek wisdom. (1-9) The advantages of wisdom. (10-22)

Chapter 3 Introduction:
Exhortations to obedience and faith. (1-6) To piety, and to improve afflictions. (7-12) To gain wisdom. (13-20) Guidance of Wisdom. (21-26) The wicked and the upright. (27-35)

Chapter 4 Introduction:
Exhortation to the study of wisdom. (1-13) Cautions against bad company, Exhortation to faith and holiness. (14-27)

Chapter 5 Introduction:
Exhortations to wisdom. The evils of licentiousness. (1-14) Remedies against licentiousness, The miserable end of the wicked. (15-23)

Chapter 6 Introduction:
Cautions against rash suretiship. (1-5) A rebuke to slothfulness. (6-11) Seven things hateful to God. (12-19) Exhortations to walk according to God's commandments. (20-35)

Chapter 7 Introduction:
Invitations to learn wisdom. (1-5) The arts of seducers, with warnings against them. (6-27)

Chapter 8 Introduction:
Christ, as Wisdom, calls to the sons of men. (1-11) The nature and riches of Wisdom. (12-21) Christ one with the Father, in the creation of the world, and rejoicing in his work for the salvation of man. (22-31) Exhortations to hear Christ's word. (32-36)

Chapter 9 Introduction:
The invitations of Wisdom. (1-12) The invitations of folly. (13-18)

Chapter 10 Introduction:
Through the whole of the Proverbs, we are to look for somewhat beyond the first sense the passage may imply, and this we shall find to be Christ. He is the Wisdom so often spoken of in this book.

Chapter 11 Introduction:


Chapter 12 Introduction:


Chapter 13 Introduction:


Chapter 14 Introduction:


Chapter 15 Introduction:


Chapter 16 Introduction:


Chapter 17 Introduction:


Chapter 18 Introduction:


Chapter 19 Introduction:


Chapter 20 Introduction:


Chapter 21 Introduction:


Chapter 22 Introduction:


Chapter 23 Introduction:


Chapter 24 Introduction:


Chapter 25 Introduction:


Chapter 26 Introduction:


Chapter 27 Introduction:


Chapter 28 Introduction:


Chapter 29 Introduction:


Chapter 30 Introduction:


Chapter 31 Introduction:
An exhortation to king Lemuel to take heed of sin, and to do duties. (1-9) The description of a virtuous woman. (10-31)



This Website is Copyright © 2005-2006 Biola University.
Biola does not hold the Copyright to any Biblical texts on this site.
Some Biblical texts on this site are in the Public Domain,
and others are Copyrighted by their Copyright holders.