Matthew Henry's Commentary
Hosea
Hosea Introduction:
Hosea is supposed to have been of the kingdom of Israel. He lived and prophesied during a long period. The scope of his predictions appears to be, to detect, reprove, and convince the Jewish nation in general, and the Israelites in particular, of their many sins, particularly their idolatry: the corrupt state of the kingdom is also noticed. But he invites them to repentance, with promises of mercy, and gospel predictions of the future restoration of the Israelites and of the Jews, and their final conversion to Christianity.

Chapter 1 Introduction:
Under a figure, is represented the shameful idolatry of the ten tribes. (1-7) The calling of the Gentiles, and the uniting Israel and Judah under the Messiah. (8-11)

Chapter 2 Introduction:
The idolatry of the people. (1-5) God's judgments against them. (6-13) His promises of reconciliation. (14-23)

Chapter 3 Introduction:
The prophet enters into a new contract, representing the gracious manner in which God will again restore Israel under a new covenant.

Chapter 4 Introduction:
God's judgments against the sins of the people. (1-5) and of the priests. (6-11) Idolatry is reproved, and Judah is admonished. (12-19)

Chapter 5 Introduction:
The Divine judgments against Israel. (1-7) Approaching desolations threatened. (8-15)

Chapter 6 Introduction:
An exhortation to repentance. (1-3) Israel's instability and breach of the covenant. (4-11)

Chapter 7 Introduction:
The manifold sins of Israel. (1-7) Their senselessness and hypocrisy. (8-16)

Chapter 8 Introduction:
Destruction threatened for the impiety of Israel. (1-4) For their idolatry. (5-10) Further threatenings for the same sins. (11-14)

Chapter 9 Introduction:
The distress to come upon Israel. (1-6) The approach of the day of trouble. (7-10) Judgments on Israel. (11-17)

Chapter 10 Introduction:
The idolatry of Israel. (1-8) They are exhorted to repentance. (9-15)

Chapter 11 Introduction:
God's regard for Israel; their ingratitude. (1-7) The Divine mercy yet in store. (8-12)

Chapter 12 Introduction:
Judah and Israel reminded of the Divine favours. (1-6) The provocations of Israel. (7-14)

Chapter 13 Introduction:
The abuse of God's favour leads to punishment. (1-8) A promise of God's mercy. (9-16)

Chapter 14 Introduction:
An exhortation to repentance. (1-3) Blessings promised, showing the rich comforts of the gospel. (4-8) The just and the wicked. (9)



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